Shagbark Hickory Nuts | Outdoors My Window


Shagbark hickory fruit (husks), nuts and leaves in October (photograph from Wikimedia Commons)

29 November 2023

The Nutty Collection: Shagbark hickory

Final month shagbark hickories (Carya ovata) placed on a present in Pittsburgh’s parks with vibrant yellow leaves and fallen nuts.

Shagbark hickory leaves in autumn (photograph from Wikimedia Commons)

The thick inexperienced husks started to show brown instantly and peel off in quarter-moon sections. This piece of husk sat indoors for greater than a month earlier than I took a photograph of its inside. The darkish brown exterior is seen on the backside edge.

Part of a shagbark hickory husk, Nov 2023 (photograph by Kate St. John)

If a nut lasts by way of the winter its husk seems to be fairly worn out by March. This one was in all probability uneaten for an excellent purpose.

Shagbark hickory nut that overwintered, March 2021 (photograph by Kate St. John)

Shagbark nutshells are barely oval with a remnant stem and 4 ribs. Once I cracked open the nut I collected, it was a dud. Possibly an insect bought to it. This Wikimedia photograph of a sawed nut exhibits the meat.

Shagbark hickory nut, sawed open (photograph from Wikimedia Commons)

Although shagbark hickory nuts style good and may substitute for pecans, shagbarks will not be cultivated as a result of …

They’re unsuitable to business or orchard manufacturing as a result of very long time it takes for a tree to provide sizable crops and unpredictable output from 12 months to 12 months. Shagbark hickories can develop to monumental sizes however are unreliable bearers.

C. ovata begins producing seeds at about 10 years of age, however massive portions will not be produced till 40 years and can proceed for at the very least 100. Nut manufacturing is erratic, with good crops each 3 to five years, in between which few or none seem and the whole crop could also be misplaced to animal predation.

Wikipedia Shagbark Hickory account

Apparently, shagbarks (Carya ovata) and pecans (Carya illinoensis) can hybridize within the wild although the hybrids normally don’t produce nuts.

Shagbark hickories are straightforward to establish by their shaggy bark. Simply search for and also you’ll see it peeling from the trunk. Younger bushes can idiot you, although, as a result of they’ve clean bark (click on right here to see younger bark).

Shagbark hickory tree, Raccoon Wildflower Reserve, March 2021 (photograph by Kate St. John)

Shagbarks are one of many first native bushes to leaf out so their sap runs early within the spring. Yellow-bellied sapsuckers (Sphyrapicus varius) reap the benefits of this and drill the bushes as they migrate north. The birds transfer sideways across the trunk as they drill in a hoop across the tree. The bushes heal the injuries by producing callus tissue that grows outward, virtually like lips. These appeal to the the sapsuckers who then drill the identical rings 12 months after 12 months.

Shagbark hickory with yellow-bellied sapsucker drill-rings, Schenley Park, Oct 2017 (photograph by Kate St. John)

(credit are within the captions)


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